The spectacle of bullfighting has always inspired artists around the world. Because of them, the bull has won a special place and meaning in many of the works of great masters and countless artists, who used tauromaquia (fighting against bulls) as a tool to symbolically represent the struggle against the oppressive power. Tailoring a selection of the artistic production of Picasso, Dalí and Goya, the Brazilian Art Museum (MAB-FAAP) and Produtora Mega Cultural present, for the first time, the exhibition Tauromaquia.

Having Monika Burian Jourdan and Serena baccaglini as curators, the exhibition brings together several works and series. It comprises 180 images, including original drawings and engravings of the most important art personalities. Francisco Goya, Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dalí showed a fascination for the universe of the running of the bulls and develop consistent and relevant works around the theme, that are so intrinsically linked to the Iberian culture. Many of the works brought to Brazil for this exhibition have rarely been seen before. Among them are Picasso's studies for Guernica, in the same dimensions of the original panel.

In most civilizations, the bull, which is the exhibition central theme, is a mystical symbol that means strength, courage and fertility. This animal power that the bulls show is portrayed in a fascinating way in the works of these artists", says Monika. "For artists, bullfighting is not just a show. For Goya, for example, bullfighting was initially a tool for expressing his political dissent. The exhibition will present the whole series of Goya's bullfighting engravings, one of his most famous series ". Influenced by Goya, Pablo Picasso used the knowledge of the "chiaroscuro" (light and shadow) of Goya to produce his own work, using it as a protest tool against General Franco dictatorship. Picasso and Goya used this theme to express deep sorrow and resistance to oppression.

In the years 1966-67, Dalí converted the famous Picasso's famous “Tauromaquia Suite” (1957-59) into an extension of the lifelong artistic dialogue carried on between the two artists. Some of these pieces are part of the works in this exhibition.

Goya used tauromaquia to express his political dissent against the nobles, oppressors of the people. His works portrayed the bullfight as a mystical arena, where something is always happening. This exhibition will present one of his most famous series on this topic.

Seen as a clash between freedom and brute force, tauromaquia can also be interpreted in this collection of works as a metaphor for the oppressive power or capacity for self-assertion and emancipation. In many civilizations, the bull, the central figure of this exhibition, means strength, bravery and fertility.