Welcome to the XV FAAP Forum and to the UNSC committee. Here will discuss the North Korean nuclear threat in the Korean Peninsula and its potential risks for the international community.
North Korea, officially the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is led by Kim Jong-Un, supreme leader and chairman of the Worker’s Party of Korea since 2011, under whose command has been developing for the last few years its nuclear arsenal, despite international denunciation and numerous failed attempts of negotiation of an aid-for-disarmament by foreign powers. So far, North Korea has conducted six underground nuclear tests as well as ballistic missile tests, some of which have fallen close to some of its neighboring countries such as Japan.
The North Korean crisis has been building for years, but has only recently reached a new level. The country’s arsenal has progressed rapidly these last few decades, and since the rise to power of dictator Kim Jong-Un in 2011, efforts to create a nuclear-armed intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) have been intensified, and seem to have increased dramatically since the election of Donald Trump in 2016. The North Korean leader has overseen several successful missile tests over the last couple of years, including ICBM tests in July 2017, some of which fell alarmingly close to Japan, in its exclusive economic zone and could potentially reach the United States. Multiple media reports in the US have also claimed that Pyongyang could have already developed a nuclear warhead capable of being fitted inside its missiles, which coupled with an ICBM would pose a major threat. Added to that is the threat of a hydrogen bomb test in the Pacific Ocean, several times more potent than any previous nuclear test conducted by North Korea, which could potentially fly over Japan. As a result, tension between North Korea and the rest of the world is at an all-time high.
As such, considering the current situation and the possibly major implications of weapons of mass destruction in the hands of an unpredictable leader such as Kim Jong-Un, it’s of utmost importance that we discuss this matter, so that we can all reach a consensus on how to restore and ensure security and peace in the region.